Ms. Pham Thuy Hang

Graduate University of Science and Technology

I am Pham Thuy Hang, I work for the Graduate University of Science and Technology, Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology in the department of International Cooperation. Besides my main job, I was assigned to work on Technology Transfer. I also work as a part-time English teacher and a dancer.

My true calling in life is education, that leads me to Graduate university of Science and technology. Working here, I came to recognize the importance of STEM education.

It is known that the changes in science, technology and engineering have been increasing in recent years. We understand these changes by looking at both scientific studies and inventions, new technological tools and machines and new methods which have been used in the engineering fields. From this point of view, it is reasonable to say that education system should be changed to adopt to new changes.

STEM SKILL GAPS IN VIETNAM

Abstract: Under the rapid change of the world nowadays, the impact of globalization and the knowledge-based economy forces Vietnam, a developing country, to join the world economy system. To succeed in this new information-based and highly technological society, Vietnamese students need to develop their STEM Skills to the level much beyond what was considered acceptable in the past. STEM education will create critical thinkers, increase science literacy, and enable the next generation of innovators, which help Vietnam to cope with the current challenges from the nature, globalization economy and to meet the huge workforce demand needed for the Industrial Revolution 4.0.

In recent years, Vietnam has taken actions to build STEM engagement among young people. However, the country continues to struggle with several challenges. One of them is the lack of qualified teachers. There have a number of pilot projects aiming at building STEM capacity for schools in Vietnam, which manage to bring qualified materials into the course. Nevertheless, due to strong influence of traditional education in Vietnam, many teachers still deliver the content of the course as a trainer rather than a facilitator, and more theories than practice. What separates STEM from the traditional science is showing students how the scientific method can be applied to everyday life. This focuses on the real-world applications of problem solving. Therefore, an effective STEM program requires teachers to leverage the learning gained by not only providing learning content in a compelling way, but in the context of how it is used in the world.